Antarctica Peninsula turning green with time!
The vast ice-covered landmass of Antarctica has an image of bright white landscape as far as we can see. But do you guys know that the white landmass is now turning green? That’s right, scientists studying the banks of moss in Antarctica have found that the growth rate of the plant has increased in last 50 years, thereby increasing the visibly greener pastures.
Botanic growth in Antarctic region is sporadic, prevailing on only around 0.3% of the continent but moss, a small flowerless plant, propelled and existed in chilly areas of the mainland. Giving scientists found a way to research how plants have adapted to these changes. Co-author of this investigation, Matt Amesbury said that “Antarctica is not going to become entirely green, but it will turn greener than it currently is”.
“This is linking to other processes that are happening on the Antarctic Peninsula at the moment, particular things like glacier retreat which are freeing up new areas of ice-free land – and the mosses particularly are very efficient colonisers of those new areas” he added.
Scientists at British Universities and British Antarctic Survey wrote about their research in journal ‘Current Biology’. Their team analysed data extracted from the five vertical columns of cores drilled from three different islands of Antarctica region. These samples gave scientists data to look back over 150 years of evolution and adaption of the plant.
The result of this research was that scientist found that the main reason behind this is the increased temperature spree in the Antarctic region which multi-folded the growth rate of moss by 4-5 times in last 60 years.
Scientists fear that this increase in verdant environment and growth in the number of visitors to the continent will bring more drastic change to the ecosystem of the Antarctic region. “The likelihood of this of happening is very much uncertainty, but remains a very real possibility, which is understandably concerning,” said Thomas Roland, co-author of the study also from the University of Exeter.